Wednesday, January 30, 2019

Plan S and the Preprint Servers

In no way I meant to compare Plan S to the hero Harry P....

Oh wait, but I am, and it's quite appropriate too. Harry was not a hero by himself; Harry was inevitable, he existed because of evil. Furthermore, Harry did not solve evil by himself. He needed Hermione (the scholars), he needed Ron (umm....), he needed Marcel (ummm....).  Likewise, evil has Voldemort (the impact factors), deatheathers (ummm....)... Okay, okay, let stop pushing the parallel before it gets embarrassing. Point is, Harry was insensitive, clumsy, in many ways naive. And so is Plan S. Harry did not want to have to fight Voldemort. But evil demanded Plan S, ummm, Harry to exist.

So, with the big Plan S event tomorrow in The Netherlands I am trying to organize my thoughts. We've seen wonderful discussions over the past month, which have highlighted the full setting in a lot of detail. Just this week, a nice overview of how learned societies do not make profit by making profit but spending that on important thing (doi:10.1073/pnas.1900359116 and draft blog analysis). Neither provide all the details, partly because this publishing world is not fully transparent.

Another wonderful aspect of the effect of Plan S is that people seriously talk about Open Science. Many against the current Plan S still find Open Science important, and the details of the arguments are exciting and complex. I understand most of the concerns, tho I do not believe all are realistic. For example, I honestly do not believe that researchers would turn their (financial) back at their learned societies if they moved to a full OA model (an actual argument I have heard). But then again, I'm naive myself.
Preprint servers
And people come with suggestions. Sadly, we have not seen enough of them since we started discussion Open Access, now almost 20 years ago. Fairly, better late then never, but I wish people realized that Harry was desperate in his last year at Hogwarts and someone had to do it. All other students at Hogwarts kept quite (in movie 7, you can hear some students suggest alternatives to the final battle...)

Now, last week Plan U suggests that preprint servers provide a better solution. I disagree. The current Plan U is too risky. I tweeted some considerations yesterday, which I'll put below. Let me put up front, I like preprint servers, see the 21st tweet.
  1. scholars discussing #Plan_S would do good to study the history of source code... that too started with free software ("shareware") but people quickly realized that did not work, and the community moved to #opensource 1/n
  2. Ignoring that free access is not enough and that you need open licenses is important: learn from history, don't make the same mistakes again. CC-BY-ND is not an proper open license, no license even worse. 2/n
  3. no, think about the role of preprints. First, the name preprint already makes clear it is not the same as a print. I don't care about the journal formatting, but I do care about the last edits. 3/n
  4. @jbrittholbrook used that argument in favor of ND clauses: yes, it *is* essential that we know that the version we read is accurate. Versioning is essential, changelogs even more. Is the latest preprint identical (except formatting)? With/-out ND clauses, this is critical. 4/n
  5. currently, without much effort and therefore high cost, I cannot reliably determine of a preprint version is identical (except formatting) as the published version. Those last changes are essential: that's the added value of the journal editorial role. 5/n
  6. but let's assume this gets solved (repeated errors by commercial publishers do not bode well). How about the #openscience rights (reuse, modify, reshare)? Many preprints do not require an open license. Without an open license it's merely shareware. 6/n
  7. Free reads (also temp free by journals) is nice, accept it's only thinking about now, not tomorrow. It's thinking only about yourself, not others. 7/n
  8. With a shareware article you are not allowed to share with your students. They need to download that themselves (fair, doable). You cannot include it in your coursepack. This is what reuse is about. 8/n
  9. With a shareware article you are not allowed do change it. No change of format (to match your coursepack), no text-mining, no data extraction., etc. This is what the right to modify is about. 9/n
  10. With a shareware article you are not allowed to redistribute it. I already mentioned courseware, but libraries are affected by this. But resharing is also about changing your improved version. 10/n
  11. Resharing after removal of that glaring typo. After rewriting German into English. Old-English into modern English. After fixing this number typo in that table that caused you time to figure out what the hell the authors were thinking (true story). 11/n
  12. These three core #openscience right (reuse, modify, reshare) are essential to science. Just think what would happen if you could not use a new theory/method published? Would you accept that? 12/n
  13. My guess is: No, but you do when it comes to articles. Why? Is money more important that the essence of doing science? Are society activities more important that these basic things? I hope not. 13/n
  14. this is not a discussion of the now. This was 1947 14/n:
  15. of course, one can argue that if you can read the paper, you have all the access you need. But we know this is false. Text mining is essential. Reformatting, data extraction, is essential. 15/n
  16. We now spend millions of extracting knowledge from articles, bc we decided a PDF was the proper way to share knowledge. Disallowing that makes it even more expensive. Money that could be spend on actual research. 16/n
  17. now back to preprints and preprints as a replacement to openaccess articles. I think you see where I am going. 17/n
    1. a preprint without a proper license is not #openscience and does not optimally help raise the level of science.
    2. a preprint not identical (except formatting) to the published version, is not a replacement of the published version 18/n
  19. unfortunately, many journal-preprint server combinations do not simply not guarantee a way forward. That must be solved and currently is not an alternative to #Plan_S. Current preprint servers have a different purpose: release soon. 19/n
  20. preprints have many (better) alternatives (open notebook science, #opensource, #etc, etc), but they can be a step forward towards #openscience, but if, and only if, they follow the basics of doing (open) science 20/n
  21. I'll wrap up this thread with linking to my first preprint, of Aug 2000: … It's part of the Chemistry Preprint Server (CPS) archive, hosted by Elsevier. More about CPS in #Scholia: … 21/21

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